How can I make an EXE file from a Python program?


I've used several modules to make EXEs for Python, but I'm not sure if I'm doing it right.

How should I go about this, and why? Please base your answers on personal experience, and provide references where necessary.

This question is tagged with python exe executable

~ Asked on 2008-09-08 03:59:57

7 Answers


Auto PY to EXE - A .py to .exe converter using a simple graphical interface built using Eel and PyInstaller in Python.

py2exe is probably what you want, but it only works on Windows.
PyInstaller works on Windows and Linux.
Py2app works on the Mac.

~ Answered on 2008-09-08 04:10:45


I found this presentation to be very helpfull.

How I Distribute Python applications on Windows - py2exe & InnoSetup

From the site:

There are many deployment options for Python code. I'll share what has worked well for me on Windows, packaging command line tools and services using py2exe and InnoSetup. I'll demonstrate a simple build script which creates windows binaries and an InnoSetup installer in one step. In addition, I'll go over common errors which come up when using py2exe and hints on troubleshooting them. This is a short talk, so there will be a follow-up Open Space session to share experience and help each other solve distribution problems.

~ Answered on 2010-02-11 16:03:50


Also known as Frozen Binaries but not the same as as the output of a true compiler- they run byte code through a virtual machine (PVM). Run the same as a compiled program just larger because the program is being compiled along with the PVM. Py2exe can freeze standalone programs that use the tkinter, PMW, wxPython, and PyGTK GUI libraties; programs that use the pygame game programming toolkit; win32com client programs; and more. The Stackless Python system is a standard CPython implementation variant that does not save state on the C language call stack. This makes Python more easy to port to small stack architectures, provides efficient multiprocessing options, and fosters novel programming structures such as coroutines. Other systems of study that are working on future development: Pyrex is working on the Cython system, the Parrot project, the PyPy is working on replacing the PVM altogether, and of course the founder of Python is working with Google to get Python to run 5 times faster than C with the Unladen Swallow project. In short, py2exe is the easiest and Cython is more efficient for now until these projects improve the Python Virtual Machine (PVM) for standalone files.

~ Answered on 2012-04-20 06:33:12


Not on the freehackers list is gui2exe which can be used to build standalone Windows executables, Linux applications and Mac OS application bundles and plugins starting from Python scripts.

~ Answered on 2010-08-02 01:32:08


Use cx_Freeze to make exe your python program

~ Answered on 2013-03-27 18:53:16



py2exe is a Python Distutils extension which converts Python scripts into executable Windows programs, able to run without requiring a Python installation.

~ Answered on 2008-09-08 04:01:23


See a short list of python packaging tools on

~ Answered on 2008-09-08 04:50:01

Most Viewed Questions: