How can I remove a child node in HTML using JavaScript?

75

Is there a function like document.getElementById("FirstDiv").clear()?

This question is tagged with javascript html dom

~ Asked on 2008-08-17 17:48:04

9 Answers


102

To answer the original question - there are various ways to do this, but the following would be the simplest.

If you already have a handle to the child node that you want to remove, i.e. you have a JavaScript variable that holds a reference to it:

myChildNode.parentNode.removeChild(myChildNode);

Obviously, if you are not using one of the numerous libraries that already do this, you would want to create a function to abstract this out:

function removeElement(node) {
    node.parentNode.removeChild(node);
}

EDIT: As has been mentioned by others: if you have any event handlers wired up to the node you are removing, you will want to make sure you disconnect those before the last reference to the node being removed goes out of scope, lest poor implementations of the JavaScript interpreter leak memory.

~ Answered on 2008-08-18 15:16:16


47

If you want to clear the div and remove all child nodes, you could put:

var mydiv = document.getElementById('FirstDiv');
while(mydiv.firstChild) {
  mydiv.removeChild(mydiv.firstChild);
}

~ Answered on 2008-08-17 17:56:17


11

Modern Solution - child.remove()

For your use case:

document.getElementById("FirstDiv").remove()

This is recommended by W3C since late 2015, and is vanilla JS. All major browsers support it.

Mozilla Docs

Supported Browsers - 96% May 2020

~ Answered on 2016-11-11 08:19:46


3

You have to remove any event handlers you've set on the node before you remove it, to avoid memory leaks in IE

~ Answered on 2008-08-17 18:03:46


3

A jQuery solution

HTML

<select id="foo">
  <option value="1">1</option>
  <option value="2">2</option>
  <option value="3">3</option>
</select>

Javascript

// remove child "option" element with a "value" attribute equal to "2"
$("#foo > option[value='2']").remove();

// remove all child "option" elements
$("#foo > option").remove();

References:

Attribute Equals Selector [name=value]

Selects elements that have the specified attribute with a value exactly equal to a certain value.

Child Selector (“parent > child”)

Selects all direct child elements specified by "child" of elements specified by "parent"

.remove()

Similar to .empty(), the .remove() method takes elements out of the DOM. We use .remove() when we want to remove the element itself, as well as everything inside it. In addition to the elements themselves, all bound events and jQuery data associated with the elements are removed.

~ Answered on 2010-08-02 14:02:40


2

Use the following code:

//for Internet Explorer
document.getElementById("FirstDiv").removeNode(true);

//for other browsers
var fDiv = document.getElementById("FirstDiv");
fDiv.removeChild(fDiv.childNodes[0]); //first check on which node your required node exists, if it is on [0] use this, otherwise use where it exists.

~ Answered on 2011-10-13 06:40:31


1

    var p=document.getElementById('childId').parentNode;
    var c=document.getElementById('childId');
    p.removeChild(c);
    alert('Deleted');

p is parent node and c is child node
parentNode is a JavaScript variable which contains parent reference

Easy to understand

~ Answered on 2017-06-22 11:51:43


0

You should be able to use the .RemoveNode method of the node or the .RemoveChild method of the parent node.

~ Answered on 2008-08-17 17:54:01


0

You should probably use a JavaScript library to do things like this.

For example, MochiKit has a function removeElement, and jQuery has remove.

~ Answered on 2008-08-17 17:58:55


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