How do I create a Linked List Data Structure in Java?

136

What's the best way to make a linked list in Java?

This question is tagged with java data-structures linked-list

~ Asked on 2008-08-13 16:29:22

6 Answers


220

The obvious solution to developers familiar to Java is to use the LinkedList class already provided in java.util. Say, however, you wanted to make your own implementation for some reason. Here is a quick example of a linked list that inserts a new link at the beginning of the list, deletes from the beginning of the list and loops through the list to print the links contained in it. Enhancements to this implementation include making it a double-linked list, adding methods to insert and delete from the middle or end, and by adding get and sort methods as well.

Note: In the example, the Link object doesn't actually contain another Link object - nextLink is actually only a reference to another link.

class Link {
    public int data1;
    public double data2;
    public Link nextLink;

    //Link constructor
    public Link(int d1, double d2) {
        data1 = d1;
        data2 = d2;
    }

    //Print Link data
    public void printLink() {
        System.out.print("{" + data1 + ", " + data2 + "} ");
    }
}

class LinkList {
    private Link first;

    //LinkList constructor
    public LinkList() {
        first = null;
    }

    //Returns true if list is empty
    public boolean isEmpty() {
        return first == null;
    }

    //Inserts a new Link at the first of the list
    public void insert(int d1, double d2) {
        Link link = new Link(d1, d2);
        link.nextLink = first;
        first = link;
    }

    //Deletes the link at the first of the list
    public Link delete() {
        Link temp = first;
        if(first == null){
         return null;
         //throw new NoSuchElementException(); // this is the better way. 
        }
        first = first.nextLink;
        return temp;
    }

    //Prints list data
    public void printList() {
        Link currentLink = first;
        System.out.print("List: ");
        while(currentLink != null) {
            currentLink.printLink();
            currentLink = currentLink.nextLink;
        }
        System.out.println("");
    }
}  

class LinkListTest {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        LinkList list = new LinkList();

        list.insert(1, 1.01);
        list.insert(2, 2.02);
        list.insert(3, 3.03);
        list.insert(4, 4.04);
        list.insert(5, 5.05);

        list.printList();

        while(!list.isEmpty()) {
            Link deletedLink = list.delete();
            System.out.print("deleted: ");
            deletedLink.printLink();
            System.out.println("");
        }
        list.printList();
    }
}

~ Answered on 2008-08-24 20:03:56


55

Java has a LinkedList implementation, that you might wanna check out. You can download the JDK and it's sources at java.sun.com.

~ Answered on 2008-08-13 16:35:02


22

Use java.util.LinkedList. Like this:

list = new java.util.LinkedList()

~ Answered on 2008-08-15 16:11:25


18

The above linked list display in opposite direction. I think the correct implementation of insert method should be

public void insert(int d1, double d2) { 
    Link link = new Link(d1, d2); 

    if(first==null){
        link.nextLink = null;
        first = link; 
        last=link;
    }
    else{
        last.nextLink=link;
        link.nextLink=null;
        last=link;
    }
} 

~ Answered on 2009-12-26 17:13:25


9

Its much better to use java.util.LinkedList, because it's probably much more optimized, than the one that you will write.

~ Answered on 2009-03-27 17:14:20


7

//slightly improved code without using collection framework

package com.test;

public class TestClass {

    private static Link last;
    private static Link first;

    public static void main(String[] args) {

        //Inserting
        for(int i=0;i<5;i++){
            Link.insert(i+5);
        }
        Link.printList();

        //Deleting
        Link.deletefromFirst();
        Link.printList();
    }


    protected  static class Link {
        private int data;
        private Link nextlink;

        public Link(int d1) {
            this.data = d1;
        }

        public static void insert(int d1) {
            Link a = new Link(d1);
            a.nextlink = null;
            if (first != null) {
                last.nextlink = a;
                last = a;
            } else {
                first = a;
                last = a;
            }
            System.out.println("Inserted -:"+d1);
        }

        public static void deletefromFirst() {
            if(null!=first)
            {
                System.out.println("Deleting -:"+first.data);
                first = first.nextlink;
            }
            else{
                System.out.println("No elements in Linked List");
            }
        }

        public static void printList() {
            System.out.println("Elements in the list are");
            System.out.println("-------------------------");
            Link temp = first;
            while (temp != null) {
                System.out.println(temp.data);
                temp = temp.nextlink;
            }
        }
    }
}

~ Answered on 2011-07-13 05:32:05


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