How do I perform a Perl substitution on a string while keeping the original?

184

In Perl, what is a good way to perform a replacement on a string using a regular expression and store the value in a different variable, without changing the original?

I usually just copy the string to a new variable then bind it to the s/// regex that does the replacement on the new string, but I was wondering if there is a better way to do this?

$newstring = $oldstring;
$newstring =~ s/foo/bar/g;

This question is tagged with regex perl replace

~ Asked on 2008-08-22 16:47:55

7 Answers


261

This is the idiom I've always used to get a modified copy of a string without changing the original:

(my $newstring = $oldstring) =~ s/foo/bar/g;

In perl 5.14.0 or later, you can use the new /r non-destructive substitution modifier:

my $newstring = $oldstring =~ s/foo/bar/gr; 

NOTE:
The above solutions work without g too. They also work with any other modifiers.

SEE ALSO:
perldoc perlrequick: Perl regular expressions quick start

~ Answered on 2008-08-22 17:08:29


43

The statement:

(my $newstring = $oldstring) =~ s/foo/bar/g;

Which is equivalent to:

my $newstring = $oldstring;
$newstring =~ s/foo/bar/g;

Alternatively, as of Perl 5.13.2 you can use /r to do a non destructive substitution:

use 5.013;
#...
my $newstring = $oldstring =~ s/foo/bar/gr;

~ Answered on 2008-08-23 08:53:44


23

Under use strict, say:

(my $new = $original) =~ s/foo/bar/;

instead.

~ Answered on 2008-09-15 12:49:15


12

The one-liner solution is more useful as a shibboleth than good code; good Perl coders will know it and understand it, but it's much less transparent and readable than the two-line copy-and-modify couplet you're starting with.

In other words, a good way to do this is the way you're already doing it. Unnecessary concision at the cost of readability isn't a win.

~ Answered on 2008-09-18 17:13:55


1

Another pre-5.14 solution: http://www.perlmonks.org/?node_id=346719 (see japhy's post)

As his approach uses map, it also works well for arrays, but requires cascading map to produce a temporary array (otherwise the original would be modified):

my @orig = ('this', 'this sucks', 'what is this?');
my @list = map { s/this/that/; $_ } map { $_ } @orig;
# @orig unmodified

~ Answered on 2017-05-25 05:15:51


0

I hate foo and bar .. who dreamed up these non descriptive terms in programming anyway?

my $oldstring = "replace donotreplace replace donotreplace replace donotreplace";

my $newstring = $oldstring;
$newstring =~ s/replace/newword/g; # inplace replacement

print $newstring;
%: newword donotreplace newword donotreplace newword donotreplace

~ Answered on 2016-03-06 16:07:54


0

If you write Perl with use strict;, then you'll find that the one line syntax isn't valid, even when declared.

With:

my ($newstring = $oldstring) =~ s/foo/bar/;

You get:

Can't declare scalar assignment in "my" at script.pl line 7, near ") =~"
Execution of script.pl aborted due to compilation errors.

Instead, the syntax that you have been using, while a line longer, is the syntactically correct way to do it with use strict;. For me, using use strict; is just a habit now. I do it automatically. Everyone should.

#!/usr/bin/env perl -wT

use strict;

my $oldstring = "foo one foo two foo three";
my $newstring = $oldstring;
$newstring =~ s/foo/bar/g;

print "$oldstring","\n";
print "$newstring","\n";

~ Answered on 2008-09-11 03:51:28


Most Viewed Questions: