How to set encoding in .getJSON jQuery

44

In my web app, I submit some form fields with jQuery's $.getJSON() method. I am having some problems with the encoding. The character-set of my app is charset=ISO-8859-1, but I think these fields are submitted with UTF-8.

How I can set encoding used in $.getJSON calls?

This question is tagged with jquery ajax json character-encoding

~ Asked on 2008-08-25 18:45:27

6 Answers


36

I think that you'll probably have to use $.ajax() if you want to change the encoding, see the contentType param below (the success and error callbacks assume you have <div id="success"></div> and <div id="error"></div> in the html):

$.ajax({
    type: "POST",
    url: "SomePage.aspx/GetSomeObjects",
    contentType: "application/json; charset=utf-8",
    dataType: "json",
    data: "{id: '" + someId + "'}",
    success: function(json) {
        $("#success").html("json.length=" + json.length);
        itemAddCallback(json);
    },
    error: function (xhr, textStatus, errorThrown) {
        $("#error").html(xhr.responseText);
    }
});

I actually just had to do this about an hour ago, what a coincidence!

~ Answered on 2008-08-25 19:23:06


44

If you want to use $.getJSON() you can add the following before the call :

$.ajaxSetup({
    scriptCharset: "utf-8",
    contentType: "application/json; charset=utf-8"
});

You can use the charset you want instead of utf-8.

The options are explained here.

contentType : When sending data to the server, use this content-type. Default is application/x-www-form-urlencoded, which is fine for most cases.

scriptCharset : Only for requests with jsonp or script dataType and GET type. Forces the request to be interpreted as a certain charset. Only needed for charset differences between the remote and local content.

You may need one or both ...

~ Answered on 2008-08-25 22:12:25


5

You need to analyze the JSON calls using Wireshark, so you will see if you include the charset in the formation of the JSON page or not, for example:

  • If the page is simple if text / html
0000  48 54 54 50 2f 31 2e 31  20 32 30 30 20 4f 4b 0d   HTTP/1.1  200 OK.
0010  0a 43 6f 6e 74 65 6e 74  2d 54 79 70 65 3a 20 74   .Content -Type: t
0020  65 78 74 2f 68 74 6d 6c  0d 0a 43 61 63 68 65 2d   ext/html ..Cache-
0030  43 6f 6e 74 72 6f 6c 3a  20 6e 6f 2d 63 61 63 68   Control:  no-cach
  • If the page is of the type including custom JSON with MIME "charset = ISO-8859-1"
0000  48 54 54 50 2f 31 2e 31  20 32 30 30 20 4f 4b 0d   HTTP/1.1  200 OK.
0010  0a 43 61 63 68 65 2d 43  6f 6e 74 72 6f 6c 3a 20   .Cache-C ontrol: 
0020  6e 6f 2d 63 61 63 68 65  0d 0a 43 6f 6e 74 65 6e   no-cache ..Conten
0030  74 2d 54 79 70 65 3a 20  74 65 78 74 2f 68 74 6d   t-Type:  text/htm
0040  6c 3b 20 63 68 61 72 73  65 74 3d 49 53 4f 2d 38   l; chars et=ISO-8
0050  38 35 39 2d 31 0d 0a 43  6f 6e 6e 65 63 74 69 6f   859-1..C onnectio

Why is that? because we can not put on the page of JSON a goal like this:

In my case I use the manufacturer Connect Me 9210 Digi:

  • I had to use a flag to indicate that one would use non-standard MIME: p-> theCgiPtr-> = fDataType eRpDataTypeOther;
  • It added the new MIME in the variable: strcpy (p-> theCgiPtr-> fOtherMimeType, "text / html; charset = ISO-8859-1 ");

It worked for me without having to convert the data passed by JSON for UTF-8 and then redo the conversion on the page ...

~ Answered on 2012-03-07 17:22:06


1

f you want to use $.getJSON() you can add the following before the call :

$.ajaxSetup({
    scriptCharset: "utf-8",
    contentType: "application/json; charset=utf-8"
});

~ Answered on 2019-11-16 11:08:44


1

Use encodeURI() in client JS and use URLDecoder.decode() in server Java side works.


Example:

  • Javascript:

    $.getJSON(
        url,
        {
            "user": encodeURI(JSON.stringify(user))
        },
        onSuccess
    );
    
  • Java:

    java.net.URLDecoder.decode(params.user, "UTF-8");

~ Answered on 2012-01-03 02:52:10


0

Use this function to regain the utf-8 characters

function decode_utf8(s) { 
  return decodeURIComponent(escape(s)); 
}

Example: var new_Str=decode_utf8(str);

~ Answered on 2014-11-12 12:43:55


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