Options for HTML scraping?

408

I'm thinking of trying Beautiful Soup, a Python package for HTML scraping. Are there any other HTML scraping packages I should be looking at? Python is not a requirement, I'm actually interested in hearing about other languages as well.

The story so far:

This question is tagged with html web-scraping html-parsing html-content-extraction

~ Asked on 2008-08-05 21:09:11

40 Answers


65

The Ruby world's equivalent to Beautiful Soup is why_the_lucky_stiff's Hpricot.

~ Answered on 2008-08-05 21:13:32


45

In the .NET world, I recommend the HTML Agility Pack. Not near as simple as some of the above options (like HTMLSQL), but it's very flexible. It lets you maniuplate poorly formed HTML as if it were well formed XML, so you can use XPATH or just itereate over nodes.

http://www.codeplex.com/htmlagilitypack

~ Answered on 2008-08-07 18:38:30


37

BeautifulSoup is a great way to go for HTML scraping. My previous job had me doing a lot of scraping and I wish I knew about BeautifulSoup when I started. It's like the DOM with a lot more useful options and is a lot more pythonic. If you want to try Ruby they ported BeautifulSoup calling it RubyfulSoup but it hasn't been updated in a while.

Other useful tools are HTMLParser or sgmllib.SGMLParser which are part of the standard Python library. These work by calling methods every time you enter/exit a tag and encounter html text. They're like Expat if you're familiar with that. These libraries are especially useful if you are going to parse very large files and creating a DOM tree would be long and expensive.

Regular expressions aren't very necessary. BeautifulSoup handles regular expressions so if you need their power you can utilize it there. I say go with BeautifulSoup unless you need speed and a smaller memory footprint. If you find a better HTML parser on Python, let me know.

~ Answered on 2008-08-07 18:18:59


21

I found HTMLSQL to be a ridiculously simple way to screenscrape. It takes literally minutes to get results with it.

The queries are super-intuitive - like:

SELECT title from img WHERE $class == 'userpic'

There are now some other alternatives that take the same approach.

~ Answered on 2008-08-07 18:31:17


19

The Python lxml library acts as a Pythonic binding for the libxml2 and libxslt libraries. I like particularly its XPath support and pretty-printing of the in-memory XML structure. It also supports parsing broken HTML. And I don't think you can find other Python libraries/bindings that parse XML faster than lxml.

~ Answered on 2008-09-17 12:44:55


18

For Perl, there's WWW::Mechanize.

~ Answered on 2008-08-05 23:37:44


17

Python has several options for HTML scraping in addition to Beatiful Soup. Here are some others:

  • mechanize: similar to perl WWW:Mechanize. Gives you a browser like object to ineract with web pages
  • lxml: Python binding to libwww. Supports various options to traverse and select elements (e.g. XPath and CSS selection)
  • scrapemark: high level library using templates to extract informations from HTML.
  • pyquery: allows you to make jQuery like queries on XML documents.
  • scrapy: an high level scraping and web crawling framework. It can be used to write spiders, for data mining and for monitoring and automated testing

~ Answered on 2009-12-28 16:59:14


14

Why has no one mentioned JSOUP yet for Java? http://jsoup.org/

~ Answered on 2012-02-10 19:42:50


14

'Simple HTML DOM Parser' is a good option for PHP, if your familiar with jQuery or JavaScript selectors then you will find yourself at home.

Find it here

There is also a blog post about it here.

~ Answered on 2009-07-31 19:39:57


11

The templatemaker utility from Adrian Holovaty (of Django fame) uses a very interesting approach: You feed it variations of the same page and it "learns" where the "holes" for variable data are. It's not HTML specific, so it would be good for scraping any other plaintext content as well. I've used it also for PDFs and HTML converted to plaintext (with pdftotext and lynx, respectively).

~ Answered on 2008-09-18 20:13:40


10

I know and love Screen-Scraper.

Screen-Scraper is a tool for extracting data from websites. Screen-Scraper automates:

* Clicking links on websites
* Entering data into forms and submitting
* Iterating through search result pages
* Downloading files (PDF, MS Word, images, etc.)

Common uses:

* Download all products, records from a website
* Build a shopping comparison site
* Perform market research
* Integrate or migrate data

Technical:

* Graphical interface--easy automation
* Cross platform (Linux, Mac, Windows, etc.)
* Integrates with most programming languages (Java, PHP, .NET, ASP, Ruby, etc.)
* Runs on workstations or servers

Three editions of screen-scraper:

* Enterprise: The most feature-rich edition of screen-scraper. All capabilities are enabled.
* Professional: Designed to be capable of handling most common scraping projects.
* Basic: Works great for simple projects, but not nearly as many features as its two older brothers.

~ Answered on 2009-08-16 20:56:23


9

I would first find out if the site(s) in question provide an API server or RSS Feeds for access the data you require.

~ Answered on 2008-08-05 21:11:29


8

Scraping Stack Overflow is especially easy with Shoes and Hpricot.

require 'hpricot'

Shoes.app :title => "Ask Stack Overflow", :width => 370 do
  SO_URL = "http://stackoverflow.com"
  stack do
    stack do
      caption "What is your question?"
      flow do
        @lookup = edit_line "stackoverflow", :width => "-115px"
        button "Ask", :width => "90px" do
          download SO_URL + "/search?s=" + @lookup.text do |s|
            doc = Hpricot(s.response.body)
            @rez.clear()
            (doc/:a).each do |l|
              href = l["href"]
              if href.to_s =~ /\/questions\/[0-9]+/ then
                @rez.append do
                  para(link(l.inner_text) { visit(SO_URL + href) })
                end
              end
            end
            @rez.show()
          end
        end
      end
    end
    stack :margin => 25 do
      background white, :radius => 20
      @rez = stack do
      end
    end
    @rez.hide()
  end
end

~ Answered on 2008-08-22 10:20:38


8

Another option for Perl would be Web::Scraper which is based on Ruby's Scrapi. In a nutshell, with nice and concise syntax, you can get a robust scraper directly into data structures.

~ Answered on 2008-08-26 22:46:37


7

I've had some success with HtmlUnit, in Java. It's a simple framework for writing unit tests on web UI's, but equally useful for HTML scraping.

~ Answered on 2008-08-31 12:09:33



6

Another tool for .NET is MhtBuilder

~ Answered on 2009-02-13 12:58:01


6

There is this solution too: netty HttpClient

~ Answered on 2011-05-11 18:28:29


5

I've used Beautiful Soup a lot with Python. It is much better than regular expression checking, because it works like using the DOM, even if the HTML is poorly formatted. You can quickly find HTML tags and text with simpler syntax than regular expressions. Once you find an element, you can iterate over it and its children, which is more useful for understanding the contents in code than it is with regular expressions. I wish Beautiful Soup existed years ago when I had to do a lot of screenscraping -- it would have saved me a lot of time and headache since HTML structure was so poor before people started validating it.

~ Answered on 2008-08-22 13:58:44


5

Although it was designed for .NET web-testing, I've been using the WatiN framework for this purpose. Since it is DOM-based, it is pretty easy to capture HTML, text, or images. Recentely, I used it to dump a list of links from a MediaWiki All Pages namespace query into an Excel spreadsheet. The following VB.NET code fragement is pretty crude, but it works.


Sub GetLinks(ByVal PagesIE As IE, ByVal MyWorkSheet As Excel.Worksheet)

    Dim PagesLink As Link
    For Each PagesLink In PagesIE.TableBodies(2).Links
        With MyWorkSheet
            .Cells(XLRowCounterInt, 1) = PagesLink.Text
            .Cells(XLRowCounterInt, 2) = PagesLink.Url
        End With
        XLRowCounterInt = XLRowCounterInt + 1
    Next
End Sub

~ Answered on 2008-08-27 09:43:07


5

I use Hpricot on Ruby. As an example this is a snippet of code that I use to retrieve all book titles from the six pages of my HireThings account (as they don't seem to provide a single page with this information):

pagerange = 1..6
proxy = Net::HTTP::Proxy(proxy, port, user, pwd)
proxy.start('www.hirethings.co.nz') do |http|
  pagerange.each do |page|
    resp, data = http.get "/perth_dotnet?page=#{page}" 
    if resp.class == Net::HTTPOK
      (Hpricot(data)/"h3 a").each { |a| puts a.innerText }
    end
  end
end 

It's pretty much complete. All that comes before this are library imports and the settings for my proxy.

~ Answered on 2008-08-06 05:57:24


3

I have used LWP and HTML::TreeBuilder with Perl and have found them very useful.

LWP (short for libwww-perl) lets you connect to websites and scrape the HTML, you can get the module here and the O'Reilly book seems to be online here.

TreeBuilder allows you to construct a tree from the HTML, and documentation and source are available in HTML::TreeBuilder - Parser that builds a HTML syntax tree.

There might be too much heavy-lifting still to do with something like this approach though. I have not looked at the Mechanize module suggested by another answer, so I may well do that.

~ Answered on 2008-08-17 14:13:14


3

In Java, you can use TagSoup.

~ Answered on 2008-08-24 10:32:37


3

You would be a fool not to use Perl.. Here come the flames..

Bone up on the following modules and ginsu any scrape around.

use LWP
use HTML::TableExtract
use HTML::TreeBuilder
use HTML::Form
use Data::Dumper

~ Answered on 2008-09-17 12:56:25


3

Implementations of the HTML5 parsing algorithm: html5lib (Python, Ruby), Validator.nu HTML Parser (Java, JavaScript; C++ in development), Hubbub (C), Twintsam (C#; upcoming).

~ Answered on 2008-10-09 20:53:21


3

Well, if you want it done from the client side using only a browser you have jcrawl.com. After having designed your scrapping service from the web application (http://www.jcrawl.com/app.html), you only need to add the generated script to an HTML page to start using/presenting your data.

All the scrapping logic happens on the the browser via JavaScript. I hope you find it useful. Click this link for a live example that extracts the latest news from Yahoo tennis.

~ Answered on 2012-10-29 15:59:36


2

I've had mixed results in .NET using SgmlReader which was originally started by Chris Lovett and appears to have been updated by MindTouch.

~ Answered on 2008-08-27 18:49:53


2

I've also had great success using Aptana's Jaxer + jQuery to parse pages. It's not as fast or 'script-like' in nature, but jQuery selectors + real JavaScript/DOM is a lifesaver on more complicated (or malformed) pages.

~ Answered on 2008-11-19 19:11:58


2

You probably have as much already, but I think this is what you are trying to do:

from __future__ import with_statement
import re, os

profile = ""

os.system('wget --no-cookies --header "Cookie: soba=(SeCreTCODe)" http://stackoverflow.com/users/30/myProfile.html')
with open("myProfile.html") as f:
    for line in f:
        profile = profile + line
f.close()
p = re.compile('summarycount">(\d+)</div>') #Rep is found here
print p
m = p.search(profile)
print m
print m.group(1)
os.system("espeak \"Rep is at " + m.group(1) + " points\""
os.remove("myProfile.html")

~ Answered on 2008-08-05 22:58:06


2

I like Google Spreadsheets' ImportXML(URL, XPath) function.

It will repeat cells down the column if your XPath expression returns more than one value.

You can have up to 50 importxml() functions on one spreadsheet.

RapidMiner's Web Plugin is also pretty easy to use. It can do posts, accepts cookies, and can set the user-agent.

~ Answered on 2010-07-22 04:31:27


1

Scrubyt uses Ruby and Hpricot to do nice and easy web scraping. I wrote a scraper for my university's library service using this in about 30 minutes.

~ Answered on 2008-08-25 12:02:23


1

I've been using Feedity - http://feedity.com for some of the scraping work (and conversion into RSS feeds) at my library. It works well for most webpages.

~ Answered on 2010-12-01 05:28:20


1

For more complex scraping applications, I would recommend the IRobotSoft web scraper. It is a dedicated free software for screen scraping. It has a strong query language for HTML pages, and it provides a very simple web recording interface that will free you from many programming effort.

~ Answered on 2010-05-17 15:58:39


1

I made a very nice library Internet Tools for web scraping.

The idea is to match a template against the web page, which will extract all data from the page and also validate if the page structure is unchanged.

So you can just take the HTML of the web page you want to process, remove all dynamical or irrelevant content and annotate the interesting parts.

E.g. the HTML for a new question on the stackoverflow.com index page is:

<div id="question-summary-11326954" class="question-summary narrow">

    <!-- skipped, this is getting too long -->

    <div class="summary">

        <h3><a title="Some times my tree list have vertical scroll ,then I scrolled very fast and the tree list shivered .Have any solution for this.
" class="question-hyperlink" href="/questions/11326954/about-scroll-bar-issue-in-tree">About Scroll bar issue in Tree</a></h3>

    <!-- skipped -->

    </div>
</div>

So you just remove this certain id, title and summary, to create a template that will read all new questions in title, summary, link-arrays:

 <t:loop>
   <div class="question-summary narrow">
     <div class="summary">
       <h3>
          <a class="question-hyperlink">
            {title:=text(), summary:[email protected], link:[email protected]}
          </a>
       </h3>
     </div>
   </div>
 </t:loop>

And of course it also supports the basic techniques, CSS 3 selectors, XPath 2 and XQuery 1 expressions.

The only problem is that I was so stupid to make it a Free Pascal library. But there is also language independent web demo.

~ Answered on 2012-07-04 10:43:20


1

Regular expressions work pretty well for HTML scraping as well ;-) Though after looking at Beautiful Soup, I can see why this would be a valuable tool.

~ Answered on 2008-08-05 21:29:51


1

I do a lot of advanced web scraping so wanted to have total control over my stack and understand the limitations. This webscraping library is the result.

~ Answered on 2011-04-12 00:20:14


1

The recent talk by Dav Glass Welcome to the Jungle! (YUIConf 2011 Opening Keynote) shows how you can use YUI 3 on Node.js to do clientside-like programming (with DOM selectors instead of string processing) on the server. It is very impressive.

~ Answered on 2010-11-22 17:04:29


0

When it comes to extracting data from an HTML document on the server-side, Node.js is a fantastic option. I have used it successfully with two modules called request and cheerio.

You can see an example how it works here.

~ Answered on 2013-05-10 18:28:51


0

For those that would prefer a graphical workflow tool, RapidMiner (FOSS) has a nice web crawling and scraping facility.

Here's a series of videos:

http://vancouverdata.blogspot.com/2011/04/rapidminer-web-crawling-rapid-miner-web.html

~ Answered on 2011-04-04 22:44:35


-1

SharpQuery

It's basically jQuery for C#. It depends on HTML Agility Pack for parsing the HTML.

~ Answered on 2010-12-01 05:41:47


Most Viewed Questions: